Triple D(ecoction) Bock

All Grain Recipe

Submitted By: pjnavarre (Shared)
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Brewer: Paul Navarre
Batch Size: 5.25 galStyle: Helles Bock ( 4C)
Boil Size: 8.86 galStyle Guide: BJCP 2015
Color: 9.0 SRMEquipment: Homeland Brewery (5 gal/ 19 L)
Bitterness: 29.1 IBUsBoil Time: 90 min
Est OG: 1.070 (17.0° P)Mash Profile: Bock Decoction Mash
Est FG: 1.019 SG (4.8° P)Fermentation: Helles Bock
ABV: 6.7%Taste Rating: 30.0

Amount Name Type #
10.76 gal Cedarburg Water Water 1
7 lbs 11.51 oz Pilsner Malt (Rahr) (1.7 SRM) Grain 2
4 lbs 12.00 oz Munich Malt, Dark (Schill) (12.7 SRM) Grain 3
2 lbs 6.00 oz Pilsner Malt (Rahr), Toasted in 350°F oven for 15 minutes (1.7 SRM) Grain 4
1.32 oz Hallertauer [4.8%] - Boil 60 min Hops 5
0.33 oz Hallertauer [4.8%] - Boil 20 min Hops 6
0.33 oz Tettnang [4.5%] - Boil 20 min Hops 7
1 pkgs Bavarian Lager (Wyeast Labs #2206) Yeast 8


Mashing Procedure Add approximately 3 1/4 gallons of water at 99°F to hit the first strike temperature of 95°F. Hold for 15 minutes. At the end of this time, draw off about 40 percent of the mash into a separate pot, leaving as much liquid behind as possible. Maintain the temperature of the rest mash during the decoction.      First Decoction
Raise the temperature slowly, about 5°F per minute, to 155°F. Hold for five minutes, then raise the temperature quickly to boiling. Boil for 30 minutes, stirring occasionally. Then transfer the boiled mash to the rest mash two cups at a time, until the rest mash is at the next strike temperature, 122°F. Set any remaining decocted mash aside until it cools to 122°F, then stir it into the mash. Let the mash rest for 15 minutes, then proceed to the second decoction. Second Decoction
Again draw off about 40 percent of the mash, leaving behind as much liquid as possible. Raise the temperature 5°F per minute to 155°F, hold for five minutes, then raise the temperature quickly to boiling. Boil for 30 minutes. Transfer the boiled mash to the rest mash two cups at a time until the rest mash is at the next strike temperature, 155°F. Set any remaining decocted mash aside until it cools to 155°F, then stir it into the mash. Let rest for 15 minutes, then proceed to the third decoction.      Third Decoction
In this decoction instead of boiling the thick part of the mash, we’ll be boiling the liquid part of the mash. Draw off 40-50 percent of the liquid and bring it quickly to a boil. Hold for at least 30 minutes. Test the rest mash for conversion with iodine as described above, then add the decocted liquid back to the rest mash until the mash-out temperature of 170°F is reached. Set any remaining liquid aside until it cools to 170°F, then stir it back into the mash. There are two reasons we’re boiling the liquid at this point: 1 That’s where the sugars reside now, so boiling the high-gravity liquid will contribute greatly to maltiness and color by caramelizing some of the sugars in the liquid. 2 Since we’re no longer concerned with preserving the amylase enzymes now that conversion is complete, it’s to our advantage to disable them. That way the dextrins in the mash, which contribute to body and head retention, aren’t further converted into fermentable sugars, resulting in a thin beer. Let the mash rest at the mash-out temperature for 10 minutes, then transfer to the lauter tun if a combination mash/lauter tun isn’t being used. In either case thoroughly stir the mash so the heavier husks settle out and form a well-stratified filter bed. Proceed with the sparge, stopping when you’ve collected seven gallons of wort or when the specific gravity of the runoff drops below about 1.010 or the taste reminds you of warm tea (an indication that tannins are being extracted from the husks). Boil the wort for a total of 90 minutes, adding hops per the schedule indicated. Reserve two quarts of wort for later use in priming the beer. Chill the remaining wort to about 70°F and pitch the yeast. Transfer the fermenter to a 45°F refrigerator for three to four hours after pitching and ferment for seven to 10 days, then transfer to a secondary fermenter. When the beer is clear (three to five weeks), rack to the bottling bucket into which the reserved priming wort has been poured. Bottle as usual. Is It Working?
As in the single-decoction mash, when you remove the mash to be decocted it’s important to make sure that you leave as much liquid behind as possible. With the exception of the last decoction, you’ll again observe that the mash becomes much more liquid after a brief stop at 155°F. The last decoction, since it involves a high-gravity liquid, is likely to boil over unless you maintain strict control of the heat, just as any wort boil is subject to boiling over. As mentioned before, some of the sugars that were converted during the brief conversion time in the decoction boil are caramelized, which will darken the resulting brew in proportion to the length of time the mash is boiled. Thirty minutes of boiling time will result in noticeable darkening, and significant additional maltiness will be contributed to the resulting beer. A Final Note
If you decide to perform decoction mashing in a future brew, do yourself a big favor: don’t pass judgment on how much longer it takes to mash this way versus the infusion mash. Just like everything, it takes practice to learn how to do the mash efficiently and performing more than one task concurrently. By overlapping tasks you can shorten the time required to mash in this manner, and a single-decoction mash shouldn’t take any longer than a temperature program mash.
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